Ashoka additionally called Ashoka the Great, was Associate in Nursing Indian emperor of the Maurya phratry, United Nations agency dominated most of the Indian landmass from c. 268 to 232 BCE. The grandchild of the founding father of the Maurya phratry, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka promoted the unfold of Buddhism across ancient Asia. thought of by several to be one in every of India’s greatest emperors, Ashoka dilated Chandragupta’s empire to reign over a realm stretching from contemporary Islamic State of Afghanistan within the west to Bangladesh within the east. It coated the whole Indian landmass aside from elements of contemporary Madras, province and Kerala. The empire’s capital was Pataliputra (in Magadha, contemporary Patna), with provincial capitals at Taxila and Ujjain.Ashoka waged a damaging war against the state of Kalinga (modern Odisha), that he conquered in regarding 260 BCE. He born-again to Buddhism when witnessing the mass deaths of the Kalinga War, that he had waged out of a need for conquest and that reportedly directly resulted in additional than one hundred,000 deaths and a hundred and fifty,000 deportations. he’s remembered for the Ashoka pillars and edicts, for causation Buddhist monks to land and Central Asia, and for establishing monuments marking many important sites within the lifetime of Siddhartha.Beyond the Edicts of Ashoka, chronicle data regarding him depends on legends written centuries later, like the 2nd-century metallic element Ashokavadana (“Narrative of Ashoka”, a region of the Divyavadana), and within the Sri Lankan text Mahavamsa (“Great Chronicle”). the logo of the fashionable Republic of Asian country is Associate in Nursing adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka. His Sanskritic language name “Aśoka” suggests that “painless, while not sorrow” (the a privativum and śoka, “pain, distress”). In his edicts, he’s cited cited (Pali Devānaṃpiya or “the Beloved of the Gods”), and Priyadarśin or Priyadarshi (Pali Piyadasī or “He United Nations agency regards everybody with affection”). His fondness for a tree is that the reason for his name being connected to the “Ashoka tree” or Polyalthia longifolia, and this is often documented within the Ashokavadana.Ashoka’s own inscriptions ar the earliest self-representations of Associate in Nursing imperial power within the Indian landmass. However, these inscriptions ar targeted primarily on the subject of dhamma, and supply very little data concerning different aspects of the Maurya state and society. Even on the subject of dhamma, the content of those inscriptions can not be taken at face value: in words of yank educational John S. Strong, it’s generally helpful to think about Ashoka’s messages as information by an officer whose aim is to gift a favourable image of himself and his administration, instead of record historical facts.A small variety of different inscriptions additionally give some data regarding Ashoka. as an example, he finds a mention within the second century Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman. Associate in Nursing inscription discovered at Sirkap mentions a lost word starting with “Priy”, that is theorised to be Ashoka’s title “Priyadarshi”, though this is often not sure. another inscriptions, like the Sohgaura copper plate inscription, are tentatively dated to Ashoka’s amount by a part of students, though this is often contested by others.