What is Depression?

Depression is not a disease; it can happen to anybody, you, me, and anyone. Depression affects you, your daily activities, your routine but most importantly your health. You may experience loss of interest, low energy, bad/poor concentration, loss of appetite, disturbed sleep, and low self-worth, and self-confidence. Depression is not something to be scared, it can be treated. It can go away on its own. But for some people, extra support is needed.

Depression is a feeling. It can’t go away within a week. It takes time to heal, to face your problems, accept situations, and come out stronger. It’s not a fun or cool thing rather it is very ugly and serious. It feels like the world has become all Black and White with no colors and no reason to smile.

What can causes depression?

Well, there could be several causes for depression. Consumption of drugs or alcohol, Family history of depression or mental illness, trauma which could lead you to develop fear and stress. According to research one is at high risk of depression if frontal lobe of their brain is less active. It could happen due to chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, etc. When you are under medication or going through Stress in ways like the loss of someone closer to you, financial issues, sometimes it is difficult for experts to determine the cause of depression.

It could also be due to sudden lifestyle changes like pregnancy, also due to life-threatening diseases like cancer, heart diseases, and lung diseases where you always have a feeling that you’ll die too soon have also very high chances of suffering depression.

Effect of Depression

Depression can not only affect your sleeping or eating pattern, it can affect your career, your education, your relationships, concentration, and health as well. It not only affects your mental health effect but your physical health as well such as Weight gain or weight loss because of change in appetite and both have a bad impact on your body, over-weight can lead to diseases like diabetes and underweight can cause harm to your fatigue.

You can experience headaches, joint, and muscle pains and it can increase the risk of heart diseases. It can cause inflammation in changing your immune system and digestion problems such as diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting. Not only this, it could affect your environment as well; it could affect your family and friends, your level of concentration, and can affect your productivity.


Symptoms of Depression

In Women

Depression is very common in Women. Women are more likely to develop depression than men. Symptoms of Depression include Anxiousness, helplessness, loss of interest in pleasure activities, excessive crying, too much or too little sleep and many others.

Causes of depression in women could be due to premenstrual problems. It happens due to hormonal fluctuation or PMS (Premenstrual syndrome). Pregnancy where women already at high risk are more likely to get depressed and it could result into miscarriages, postpartum depression, menopause, body image issues which are very common among women these days, thyroid could also cause depression.

Other causes of depression in women could be due to trauma or abuse. Which are when has suffered, loneliness, relationship problems, the responsibility of the family, and so on.

In Men

Although, men are less likely to be suffering from depression as compared to women. But some symptoms of depression are more likely to affect men more than women. Men are more likely to show anger, risk-taking behavior, the behavior changes in men could be avoiding their family and any sort of family gathering, working over-time, drinking more or taking drugs, engaging in gambling, or attempting suicide.

They can lose interest in their work and hobbies. They can feel frustrated very quickly. Men are considered to be less expressive than women and they show their emotions by getting angry, frustrated, getting irritated very easily, etc. And physically they might feel tiredness, tightness in the chest, back pain, joint pain, digestive problems, and restlessness, weight loss, eating too much or too little, and so on.

In Children

Depression among children is different from that in adults. Usually, children become irritable and angry. Signs of depression in children could be irritation, anger, fall in grades, declining physical health, change in attitude, etc. Usually, parents tend to ignore these symptoms in a child thinking it to be normal when they are going up because of hormonal changes. But according to experts, irritability and anger in children which last for more than 15 days can be a sign of depression in children.

Depression in children could be due to peer pressure, social anxiety, body image issues, etc. Stressful things in life such as family issues, abuse can also be a cause of depression among children. Other reasons for depression could be Family history, change in environment for children where they find it difficult to settle, imbalance in hormones, etc.


How to treat depression?

Well, by now we know how badly depression could affect us. There is no running away from the fact that it could affect anyone and no matter how wise you are sometimes realizing that you are actually suffering from depression becomes difficult because initially, it is hard to accept. But no worries it is treatable.

Depression could be treated by:

1. Talking to someone who could be your friend or family member or anyone you are comfortable talking to which could really help you with it.

2. Regular exercise, getting regularly at least 8 hours of sleep, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding alcohol and drugs can help reduce the symptoms.

If you are having any of the symptoms you can always seek professional help.

3. You can always get yourself properly, you can visit a physician or psychiatrist with whom you can talk about your situation and get yourself checked properly.

4. If you are not comfortable talking to someone face to face you can also look for online support.

5. There are various licensed professionals online that you can always seek support from over phone-call or text.

6. You can’t ignore it and wish for it to getaway. You can yourself try to understand the problem that contributes to your depression and try not to divert your mind by trying to indulge yourself in doing some creative things that you like such as painting, drawing, writing, etc. to express yourself.

You can also try to notice good things and be patient because it would take some time to heal. Before going for a professional treatment, a health professional should conduct a report which would include your examination which includes an interview and physical checkup. In order to know the cause, sometimes blood tests are done as well to check whether the problem is due to any medical condition or not.

This report would help you identify the real cause of depression. So that your guide can help you get over it and plan accordingly by keeping you on specific medication which we can also call Antidepressants. These medications help you modify your brain chemistry and is usually prescribed for about 6 months or until the patient feels a little better. You can also go for talk therapy which is also called Psychotherapy; it is often recommended with medication for better results. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on solving the problems of the present.

It helps a person to identify negative thoughts and change them with positive ones.


Well, all I would say is Depression is not something which you can hide, or you should hide. It can happen to anyone around and there is nothing to be ashamed of. Seeking professional help is not wrong rather it would help you get through this quickly and in a very healthy way. Just know that depression takes some time to heal and you have to be patient and have it from within to get over it.

I hope You enjoyed my post “CAUSES OF DEPRESSION | EFFECTS, AND TREATMENT”. If you have any queston then please ask by commenting

SEO – Md Amjad Ansari


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