Critical thinking and creative thinking involve students thinking broadly and deeply. By using their skills, behaviors, and reasons, logic, resourcefulness, imagination, and innovation. In all learning areas at school and in their lives beyond school like universities, work areas, etc.
- Creative thinking tries to create something new which is innovative or new for someone else. While Critical thinking seeks to assess the worth or validity of something that already exists or by stating facts/theories.
- The concept of Creative thinking is generative, while Critical thinking is analytical.
- Creative thinking is dissimilar or divergent while on the other side, Critical thinking is convergent.
- Creative thinking generally focuses on getting the maximum possibilities. Critical thinking focuses on probabilities.
Digital pedagogy is basically the study and use of digital technologies in teaching and learning. It considers digital content and space as valuable sites for information and knowledge. In addition to traditional mediums such as books or the classroom. In simple terms, digital pedagogy is a study of how to teach using digital technologies.
Digital pedagogy applied to:
- Hybrid, and
- Face-to-face learning environments.
Moving forward to digital creative pedagogies,
Creative education is when students are able to use their imagination and critical thinking to create new and meaningful forms of ideas where they can take risks, and be flexible with their thoughts, ideas. Students by themself learn to develop their ability to discover various solutions to a problem.
Creativity with education focuses on a series of creative pedagogies like the practices which contribute to the development of student’s creativity. Digital creative thinking is a process utilized to generate lists of new ideas or possibilities digitally.
The 2 processes are:
- Brainstorming process
- Lateral thinking process
While having classes, interactions, and meetings the brainstorming process can be implemented for unique ideas. So that a student participates spontaneously in the particular group discussion. And to get logical conclusions, lateral thinking is the best process. As it involves changing a basic idea or standard thinking to coming to a solution that has a completely different perspective or angle.
Watching the current situation, due to covid-19, everything is shifted online, So to mold a child’s thoughts one should go for group discussions, role-plays, lateral thinking process, mind-mapping, games, story-telling, debates, etc.
Creativity and digital technologies are viewed as vital for progress and improvement in the current society, becoming crucial educational objectives worldwide. Education often fails to keep pace with creative and digital technologies. This is mainly when teachers are not prepared for adopting pedagogical strategies. These strategies foster or nourish creativity or for fully exploiting the educational potential of digital technologies.
Introducing creative teaching in class can bring various advantages like it will help in developing children’s imagination and increase the probability for major discoveries, innovative ideas, etc. Also, creativity is considered an important component of personal well-being. And in a classroom context may develop interest, transparency, openness, and communicational abilities among students as well as teachers also.
For encouraging creative thinking among students, the role of teachers is very crucial. Teacher’s impact on the development of the creative potential of their students is known and their attitudes towards children’s potential are important. For example high expectations, support, open communication, and tolerance to ambiguity.
However, despite the essential role of teachers and the numerous benefit of creative teaching, creativity is not much integrated into the classroom curriculum. Not providing proper education via DCP really impacts the creative and critical thinking of a student. Teaching practices that contribute to the development of students’ creativity can be organized into four dimensions:
Components under this are safe and non-judgemental topics, connecting to a student’s life and his/her interests, etc.
Components here can be interesting ways of approaching a problem, problem-solving activities/learning, project-based learning.
Components are maximum participation of students in activities, value learning, respecting each other, etc.
Components under here include various technologies, designing, coding etc.
We can say that digital pedagogy increases both the creative thinkings as well as critical thinking of a student. As technology is something that students love and use the most, can be of great help to us in this endeavor. “The more we learn about the abilities of technology, the more creative we become”. Students are free to present their work in any manner they want to. It can be either through videos, songs, documents, spreadsheets, PowerPoint presentations, documentaries, etc.
Various technological tools help enhance student creativity:
- Blogs for creative thinking: Blogs are a great way the develop creative thinking and writing in students. It provides the freedom to students to post whatever they like and want to. They can openly share their views by writing on the topics that intrigue them and give vent to their imagination. Blogging makes students feel responsible for their own learning. They write and learn. They are encouraged to incorporate creativity. In their learning through them, which they could not do before.
- Mind-Mapping and Brainstorming tools: Brainstorming on topics that are to be introduced to students. It has now become a great collaborative way in today’s teaching practices. Which encourages students to think out of the box and creatively. Brainstorming when done with technology became much more easy and engaging. Students can conveniently do it all on their own. They can use a set of easy and free tools. To make fantastic mind-maps and visual graphs to illustrate a topic or a concept. Mind maps are a great way to learn things, to read things. These tools boost the creativity of a child and provide them with different ways to interconnect their thoughts.
- Storytelling tools: Telling a story is a powerful way to communicate with others. We get to know what a person or a student has in their mind, as a story speaks louder than words. It improves the creative skills of students and helps them explore the meaning of their own work, imagination, fantasies, and experiences. Students can create their own digital stories with many available free tools on the internet.
- Games: Games have proven to be one of the best ways of promoting co-operation and creativity. It also requires full concentration. Educational games keep students engaged with their studies. Games are tending to be good for students as they relax their minds. They feel less stressed and more focused and most importantly they enjoy these educational game projects. Now, games have become a must to be included element in education whether taught face to face or digitally. Some educational games freely available online.
- Infographics: Every student enjoys infographics. It represents data in a colorful and catchy way like in pie charts, 3Ds, bar graphs, etc. By using free tools for infographics, students can create awesome graphs, which make the interpretation of information easier as well as quicker to learn. Graphs have proven to be very easy for students to gain knowledge. They can employ their creativity and imagination to create an infographic about a topic, concept or anything they want to present or learn.