Every natural ecosystem works in balance. An ecosystem is a community made up of all the living things in an area. Which in a way affect each other and the environment. If you damage any part of the ecosystem, it has a knock-on effect on all other parts of the system. Damage to habitats, caused by deforestation, can have a disastrous effect. Not only on the species living in that habitat but also on the planet. Trees help prevent climate change by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Burning forests releases carbon. Removing trees increases the amount of CO2 left in the atmosphere, leading to global warming.
Environmental conservation is a practice that makes way for protecting the environment and natural resources. Maintaining the ecosystem helps prevent the extinction of animals. Environmental conservation has become one of the core issues. It needs to be addressed to battle climate change and global warming. Sustainable development is the need of the hour that can save the earth.
Importance of Environmental Conservation
It has become important to work towards environmental conservation in today’s times. The following pointers explain the need to save the environment from further degradation:
- To reduce air, water, and land pollution
- In order to conserve natural resources for our future generations
- To implement sustainable development
- Restore the ecological balance
- To save our planet from harmful effects of global warming
Methods of Environmental Conservation
The core methods are:
- Forest Conservation
We know that forests are essential sources of air, food as well as other things. Forests are a place for different living creatures. Trees and plants are also important for preventing the erosion of coastlines and for protecting against flooding. Because their root systems hold the soil in place and absorb excess water.
- Soil Conservation
The need for soil conservation has risen to tackle soil pollution. Soil conservation can be carried out by ensuring minimal use of fertilizers and venomous chemicals. To ensure less wastage as well as handle waste disposal. We can opt for various techniques like the 3R’s, that is Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, dry, etc.
- Waste Management
On a daily basis, a large amount of waste is thrown away on the streets and roads. The improper disposal of waste can lead to various harmful diseases as well as soil pollution. Moreover, on the 2nd of December, India observes National Pollution Control Day. In remembrance of the memory of those who lost their lives in the tragic 1984 Bhopal Gas Tragedy.
- Pollution Control
The increase in temperature is concerning. There is a need to keep a watch on the toxic compounds we take in that pollute the atmosphere. We need to adopt sustainable methods to minimize forms of emissions. For example, eliminating waste, saving electricity, etc.
Measures to Conserve Environment
Here are some measures to save the environment:
- A stop to deforestation
- Create public awareness
- Control pollution and population
- Recycle goods
- Adopt waste management techniques
- Species on the edge of extension should be saved.