A certain set of ideals, principles or beliefs that don’t always coincide with each other tend to oppress each other. The one who is seemed to be the oppressor is generally more dominant than the other. This principle is so true that the evidence of this is found in animal physiology and genetics range from the blood group of an individual, eye colour, skin and other physical attributes, the dominant genes synthesis, the protein and thus the traits.
In the historical political system, the oppressors were the ones who had historical privileges based on birth or high in social hierarchy or opportunities. And the oppressed were at a lower social hierarchy, economically weak.
During the French Revolution of 1789, the terms “left” and “right” came into usage. The French National assembly was divided into supporters of King Louis XVI to the president’s right and supporters of the revolution to his left. In 1791, when a legislative assembly overtook the national assembly, the seating arrangement of the new council of members was made as “Innovators” on the left, “Moderator” in the centre and the “Conscientious defenders of the constitution” on the right. The seating arrangements of the French legislative assembly depict the polarization of ideologies.
- Left-wing: Notions such as open-minded, egalitarianism, individuals freedom of sexual preference, fraternity, rights, progress and internationalism. The left includes communist, socialist, anarchist, labour unions
- Right-wing: Notions such as authority, hierarchy, order, tradition, straight sexual orientation and nationalism. The right includes conservatives, monarchists, traditionalists, fascists.
- Centre: Notions on the balance of equality and hierarchical structure. It shifts between centre-left and centre-right. The Christian democracy can be regarded as a centrist.
National and State Politics
In May of 2014, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) outshone United Progressive Alliance (UPA). The National Democratic Alliance is a centre to right seeking whereas United Progressive Alliance is left to the centre seeking. And successively in the general election in 2019, with a remarkable margin, 334 seats out of 543 seats. A majority of Indian demography is in favour of right-wing ideology.
In 2021, West Bengal Legislative Assembly polls, AITC swept NDA. AITC grabbed 213 out of 294. The All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) is a derivative of Left front and Center winged Congress. The rightist equation of NDA did not fit in West Bengal as it is called the brith place of rebels and soft leftist ground. But there has been a lot of drama before the bypolls for the Bhabanipur constituency. The winning candidates of the BJP swinging out of the party to get into the ruling party. The so easy switch of conservative to liberals!
Ahead of Punjab Legislative Assembly polls 2022, the state of Punjab gets a new chief minister, Charanjit Singh Channi, a non-jatt and from a Dalit community. The cards played by Congress high command to persuade its rural farmer community. Again a left-wing key.
Student and left-wing popularity
In India’s freedom struggle, universities harboured student politics and were punished and jailed. Several future political leaders were born out of this. The idea of student politics was spread across independent India.
After the 1960s, the radicalization of student politics, with leftist ideology, became popular. Though in the 1990s, soft left and centre ideology emerged.
The teenagers are infamous for being rebels. They paint the world in black and white. From their perspective, the entire world is oppressing them. They realise the need to fight against the system and this gives birth to the leftist ideology. .
An arguable opinion is that universities are left-leaning. Academic freedom or freedom of choice has been criticized, preventing the teaching of a diverse set of opinions. A non-diverse university may be threatening academic freedom and purposely the radical leftist has control over curriculum development. Starting to develop social justice curriculum for kindergarten kids. The consequences of speaking truthfully can be hatred. Liberalization is nothing bad but when ignored individualism may be dangerous. The equality of outcome is prioritized.
The Chief Justice of India, Justice M.Hidayatullah, citing Karl Marx and saying women have nothing to lose but chain. The CJI backs a 50% quota for women in the judiciary.
In the premiere technical institution of India, 17% of seats are reserved for women. The leftist idea of liberalization dominates over the merit of an individual. The decisions of liberals are imposed over the freedom of choice.
Participation of students
In a survey conducted,39% of students said that it is natural to engage in politics both in the metropolitan and non-metropolitan. 33% and 34% said that it has no place in student life and 21% and 19% said that it’s fine but no political parties should interfere, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan respectively.
But still the active participation is less.
The debate of opinions is replaced by control of power. It is a monopoly that benefits a few individuals.
Failure of left-wing Politics
The non-privatization of land factories and resources and redistribution of them to the public makes the monopoly rule of the government over land and natural resources. The government exercises maximum power in the state. The economy under their leadership collapses, black markets thrive. The development of the state dims as there is no competition and all have equal pay, which creates unemployment. A one-party government emerges and all this marks the beginning of dictatorship.
Learning from past mistakes
The Russian revolution in 1917, ended the Russian Imperial rule of the Romanov dynasty. And it led to the stone of Communist government under Vladimir Lenin, followed the doctrine of Karl Marx. Now fast forward to the 1980s, the economic crisis became completely deplorable. Then, the President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, decided to lose control over private travels from East Germany to West Germany. It created an independent, democratic sentiment that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989.
The Communist party’s new policy of ”perestroika” (restructuring) and “glasnost” (openness) forecasted flaws in the Soviet communist system. The state lost its control over media and mass. The inflow of democratic reform streamed. The capitalization of the economy and inflation, high expenses on the military. Then, the participation of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. More than a million civilians were killed and another four million displaced. Thus, fold by fold the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 was inevitable. Moreover, the fall of the Communist government.
In 2011, polls of the West Bengal legislative assembly ended a three and a half-decade regime of communists in Bengal, never marked its beginning after. The leaders hold prime positions in the state. The case with this was the communist party was in control of Bhadralok ( Brahmin, Kayastha,baidya) others like Dalit Shudra were Chotolok. The Bhadralok used Marxism to suade chotolok. In dreams of climbing socioeconomic hierarchy and becoming lower middle class, the party remained undefeated until Trinamool Congress (TMC) rose to its feet.
Success of left-wing
The ideologies of leftists brought in many radical changes in the society that we live in. The eradication of birthrights, slavery. Equal opportunity to all irrespective of race, caste and gender. The engagement of women in societal national matter. The rights of working-class people like fixed work hours, workdays, human rights, minimum wages, medical support. The ideas of free medical assistance and education are under the influence of this ideology.
The philosophy of extremists- left or right can never be a practical solution to run a successful state. The state in multidimensional ideology stabilizes itself; no rear end is heavier. Although we have things to learn from liberals and conservatives, it is better to practice individualism. University can give a better environment to understand each other’s stance and not to oppress. But also Mirco-aggressive extremists are noticeable. The advent of technology created extremists as one has created a physical vacuum, then we call haters, cyberbullies. And the emphasis on equality of opportunity not on outcome. Reforming a society begins with individual moral reforms, remember ‘Charity begins at home’.
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