Plastics are one of the most threatening things in the world. Many types of plastic are not degradable and it is very harmful to Mother Earth. When the number of plastics keeps increasing, some people tend to burn them. Many people burn plastic to get rid of them. It causes a lot of pollution in the environment and these harmful gases released are very harmful to our health. Some people have researched about how the plastic is dangerous to us and they found certain ways to implement it in a useful way.
Now plastic is useful in different ways so that it does not harm the nature.
Initial Use Of Plastics
They found that burning and getting rid of plastic is very harmful to health. They started various ways to use this plastic. As they came to know plastic can be used in a wide variety and can be combined in household materials and consumer products. When we consider plastics they are very sustainable, durable, long-lasting design. WE have also been using them in construction areas and mixed with building materials. In some automotive designs, plastics are contributing to a large number of progressive ideas for safety, fuel efficiency, and performance.
The packaging of goods and materials in plastic helps to protect and preserve goods. It also helps in the reduction of weight during transportation, which preserves full and decreases greenhouse gas emissions. The devices like cell-phone, computers, television, etc. are lightweight and durable. Hence, tics have helped in modifying the electronics and electrical devices as we rely on them every day.
Plastics also help in making sports safety equipment such as goggles and protective helmets, mouth guards, etc. These materials are stronger and lightweight to help and support sports passionate people of all ages. The plastics are molded as plastic foam which helps us keep stable and supported, while the strong plastics shells help in covering and are used as helmets and pads. It helps in protecting heads, joints,s, and bones.
The plastic used in making roads
Plastic as we know is very harmful for the environment as it is not degradable. Therefore people are coming up with new ideas so that the plastic waste can be recycled and used in different places. Then some people came a with a new idea of recycling the plastic waste and using it to construct roads. As plastic roads have started recently the construction procedures are different in various places.
The materials required are first separated from the plastic waste matter. After sorting, the material it is a procedure of drying, cleaning and chopping it into smaller pieces . These small plastic pieces are mixed and melted at a high temperature of 150oC. A hot bitumen is then added and blended with the molten plastic. After this procedure is complete the mixture then acts regular concrete. This is the procedure of making roads using plastic.
Plastic used as Currency
Plastics also play an important role in making currency or bank notes in many countries. We know that cutting trees is very harmful to the environment. In India we use paper as a material for making banknotes. Instead of that, if we start making banknotes of plastic waste or synthetic polymer it would be a great development. A few countries like Australia, Canada, Vietnam, Maldives etc. have completely switched to polymer based bank notes. This will reduce a lot of plastic waste present in the environment.
Polymer based currencies normally have three levels of safety indication devices. Primary security indication devices are easily recognizable by consumers and it includes raised printing, transparent windows and diffraction grating. Polymer currencies can also have the same security characteristics which is present in paper based currencies such as micro-printing, and metal strip. Secondary security devices are noticeable only by certain machines which has special features to identify the notes. Tertiary security devices may only be identifiable by the issuing authority when a banknote is returns back.
Other Uses Of Plastics
Plastic can also act a material in making walls and building various structures. In some places a few people have come with an idea of building walls using glass bottles. The same way plastic waste can also be melted and mixed with other materials in building various structures.
Plastic can also used in making automobile vehicle parts. While constructing the internal parts of a vehicle. The cabins and door handles can be of plastic waste. This will help in recycling plastic for better use.
There are many other use of plastic as phone cover, making of furniture, pipes, jars etc. When we recycle plastic and make all these equipment then this will reduce the greenhouse effect and will reconstruct the environment in a better way.