Reservation in India
In India, the booking system(Reservation System) has become one of the most equivocal issues. There have been debates, marches, and protests in India, both in support of and against the quota policy. To fully comprehend this topic, one must delve deeply into India’s past. Is it more likely that this system began in politics or in ancient India? India has had a reservation system in place since before independence. It was introduced by Maharaj Chatrapati Shahu of the Kolhapur princely state. King Shahu, a progressive and liberal thinker, established the scheduled tribe and SC reservations in India. Maharaj Shahu had a significant influence in Maharashtra’s social reformation. He also supported Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s social efforts. Dr. BR Ambedkar (role of BR ambedkar in reservation system) later constitutionalized caste reservation in India.
Reservation means what?
Reservation is a tool that allows the marginalized to have equitable representation and involvement in governance and education. A person who benefits from this reservation is expected to improve his or her community.
This good idea ike everything else in India, is surrounded by a slew of problems. Let’s take a closer look at those concerns.
In India, reservation refers to the practice of reserving seats in government posts, educational institutions, scholarships, and in certain cases, legislatures. In India, it’s also known as affirmative action, which means “positive discrimination.” Reservation is defined as the setting aside of a predetermined number of seats for a specific group or tribe in sectors such as public sector units, union and state government departments, union and state civil services, and all public and private educational institutions.
Equality or Inequality
The SC/STs who live in cities reap the benefits of reservation. On the other hand, in the villages, where it is most needed, people rarely receive anything. Discrimination, whether linguistic or in the shape of cow vigilantes, river water disputes among states, and so on, is on the rise. It appears that people in India are unable to coexist harmoniously.
There is no provision in the Indian Constitution that requires caste-based reservation. Articles 15(4), 16(4), and 16(4A) merely serve as enabling clauses. Prof Jeengar, on the other hand, tries to infer the requirement of reservation from Article 14’s right to equality. But, in actuality, what is the situation?
In terms of OBC reservation, I have discussed in an article why OBCs are not backward and reserving for them is completely unwarranted.
Now, while it is true that many upper caste people look down on and discriminate against SCs, I am opposed to any reservations for them in educational institutions or jobs. Poor children of all castes (including upper castes) and religions, on the other hand, should be provided with particular facilities and assistance to ensure that they have a fair playing field. For example, a child of poor parents may be unable to purchase school textbooks.
Helps only some percentage of SCs
Reservations can only help a small percentage of SCs while giving the impression that everyone benefits. The number of SCs in India is estimated to be around 22 million, yet designated jobs for them are barely a few lakhs. As a result, only a small number of people will be able to take advantage of reservations, and those who can will primarily be from the ‘creamy layer.’
Reservations wreak havoc on the SCs for two reasons:
First, They serve as psychological crutches for the SCs, making them vulnerable. In other words, the perception is generated among SC young that they do not need to study or work hard because they will get admitted or hired even if they do not.
SCs must abandon the crutches of reservation and declare that they will work hard and demonstrate that they are not intellectually inferior to upper castes by competing on merit with them.
Second, Reservations serve the political authorities’ divide-and-rule strategy by fostering hostility between SCs/OBCs and higher castes. By virtue of reservation, an upper caste teenager who received 90% in his exams may be denied admission/job, whilst a SC/OBC youth who received 40% may gain it. This naturally causes the former to be distressed. India’s tremendous issues can only be solved by a powerful unified people’s movement that will completely alter the country and propel it into the ranks of developed nations: yet, for that to happen, people must be united, and reservations divide us.
India’s Reservation Percentage
In India, there are three reservation systems: scheduled class, scheduled tribe, and other backward classes. Previously, only SC and ST reservations existed in India. Reservation for OBCs began in India in 1987.
|Category in india||Reservation % in India for Government jobs|
|SC reservation all over India||15|
|ST reservation all over India||7.5|
|OBC reservation all over India||27|
This system is viewed as an internal partition in sections of the country, with walls built preventing marriages outside of one’s own caste. Many individuals in society regard it as the greatest foe of meritocracy. Many less deserving candidates are considered to have benefited from this strategy, which would not have been feasible if selection was solely based on merit.
caste reservation is utilized as a restricted political tool in india. People from the so-called forward caste, many of whom are struggling to make ends meet, have no economic edge over those from the super-privileged rich backward caste. Many people predict that if this condition continues for many more years, new backward classes will emerge in society made up of people from all castes.In many cases, children of well-paid professionals who are not in any way disadvantaged reap all of the benefits of the reservation system while the genuine underprivileged general candidates suffer.
Anti-reservationist arguments include:
- agree that reservations will cause India to be divided agreed by Intellectuals and philanthropists. Reservation is comparable to internal division in that it not only discriminates against inter-caste and inter-faith marriages, but it also creates barriers to inter-caste and inter-faith marriages.
- Reservations are the most serious threat to meritocracy. We are fueling inflation of modest credentials by giving reservation through loosened entry standards, rather than promoting a merit-based education system, which is the cornerstone of many modern countries.
- Poor people from the “advanced castes” have no social or economic advantages over those from the “backward castes.”
- A combination of characteristics such as wealth, income, and occupation will aid in the identification of true needy people. Most of the seats intended for “backward” castes are used by only the monetarily well-off. For rendering the goal a complete failure.
- This policy of the government has already caused increase in brain drain and may aggravate further. Graduates and undergrads will begin to attend international universities for higher education.
The topic of reservation has long been a source of contention between the reserved and non-reserved sectors of society. While the unreserved portions continue to oppose the provision, the most vulnerable sections within the reserved segments have little understanding of how to profit from it, if it even exists.
On the other hand, the crème layer of same section enjoys preferential treatment under the guise of reserve, and political factions support them in exchange for vote banks. Reservation is undoubtedly beneficial insofar as it serves appropriate positive discrimination for the benefit of the downtrodden and economically disadvantaged sections of society, but when it serves to harm society by ensuring privileges for some at the expense of others for narrow political ends, as it does now, it should be abolished as soon as possible.
– CONTENT WRITER – PRASAD P
– CONTENT EDITOR – OINDRILA P