SEASONS: THE MOST BEAUTIFUL PHENOMENON
Nature has created many things which have always amazed mankind with their beauties. Seasons are one of these beautiful creations of nature. There are four seasons namely- Winter, Autumn, Spring and Summer. All these four seasons show their own glory during their time periods and each one has its own importance in this world. When we say Season, we mean the divisions of the year based on weather, the number of daylight hours in a particular region etc. Seasons, on the Earth, are the results of Earth’s revolution around the sun.
LET’S KNOW THE SEASONS PERFECTLY
This is the period when a white blanket covers everything. It is either snow, mist, fog, etc. Usually, it occurs from the month of December and lasts till February in India. It is the coldest season when the temperature drops to a level where it becomes intolerable. The average temperature in winter is 10-15°C or 50-59°F in Northeast India. In the areas of high altitudes snowfall occurs during this period. In other regions, fog, mist screen everything in such a way that visibility drops to a few meters.
A perfect reciprocal of WINTER, it is the time period when everything seems to be washed in the beauty of sunlight. Generally, it starts in the month of March and lasts till May in India. April is the hottest month in the country when scorching heat can be enough to burn a person. The average temperature in summer is around 32-40°C. Hot loos, intolerable harsh sunlight are the key features of this season. In this season, days are long and the nights are short. It is the favorite season of the children as they get a long summer break (about 1.5 -2 months) during this weather.
THE SEASONS OF FALL AND NEW BEGINNINGS:
The season when trees appear to be naked because in this time period trees shed their old leaves and prepare themselves for the new ones. It comes when September tends to end and lasts till November in India. During this time period, color change in leaves can be clearly seen on deciduous trees. The AUTUMN of countries like North America, Eastern Asia (particularly China, Korea ) is famous for their Autumn foliage. This season indicates the transition of summer to winter. The day length decreases with the increasing length of nights.
The season when new life came into existence as trees grow their leaves back. This season represents rebirth, rejuvenation, and regrowth. Spring comes in different months in different corners of the world. Many flowering plants begin to bloom in this season. It marks the commencing of summer as the temperature begins to rise. Also, the snow of the mountains begins to melt and everything is taken over by green. Nature at the time is in its full beauty. During the spring, the climate is dry with unpredictable rain. The spring of China, Canada, and other European countries is so stunning as Cherry Blossoms begins to show their astonishing beauty.
MONSOON OR RAINY
Monsoon is the season that starts from the month of June and lasts till September in India. There is no specific temperature in this season because it fluctuates due to rainfalls. Various parts of India experience different ranges of rainfalls. Rajasthan ( Jaisalmer ) experiences only 176 mm of rainfall annually whereas rainfall in Meghalaya (Mawsynram) is about 11,872 mm annually. MONSOON accounts for 80% of total rainfall in India. Indian agriculture is mostly dependent on rains for varieties of crops like cotton, oilseeds, etc. A delay in monsoon can cause damage to the country’s economy.
IMPORTANCE OF SEASONS :
Winter has great importance as cold weather in the season helps the soil in regaining its fertility. The soil retains nutrients as cold prevents the soil microbes from breaking down organic matter. Animals go into hibernation during this period. Hibernation helps these animals to save their energy and to adapt to severe conditions. A world without Winter can be too harsh to imagine as heat will convert everything into drought. There will be no fruits and harmful pests cannot be diminished without Winter.
Summer has very great importance because every plant and life on the earth exists due to this excess of light which only comes during the Summer. If there will be no summer then the plants will not make their food by photosynthesis which will affect both the ecosystem as well as humans. Further, the absence of Summer can lead the world to an ice age where it is impossible for mankind to survive.
It is the season without which everything is at a standstill. As mentioned earlier, the monsoon accounts for 80% of total rainfall in India. Indian agriculture depends upon this season to a great extent. Without monsoon, the water level of oceans, seas and other water bodies will become low. There will be a scarcity of water. All the flora and fauna in the ecosystem will die without the monsoon. Quenching the thirst of such a large population, throughout the year, is a very difficult task. The rainfall during this season makes sure everything has enough water to last the year.
Spring represents a new beginning and new life. It is the period when everything just starts growing or say resurrection. If there is no spring, old plants or other species of the environment will get older and older and after some time they will get extinct.
FESTIVALS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH SEASON:
Festivals associated with WINTER
Winter is the home of festivals like Christmas, Lohri, etc.
CHRISTMAS: It is the worldwide celebrated festival which takes place on the 25th of December. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Jesus. Most countries celebrate this festival. Everything is beautifully decorated and joy seems to flow in the air.
LOHRI: It is an Indian festival that takes place on January 13. It is mostly celebrated in Punjab and Haryana. People gather firewood to lit up a large bonfire. They celebrate the festival in traditional ways. Food is in abundance. Roasted corn, peanuts and gajak (a dessert made of jaggery and sesame seeds) are the favorites. The newlyweds or the couples with newborns celebrate this festival.
Festivals associated with SUMMER
Baisakhi: It is an Indian festival to celebrate the harvesting of crops. It is mainly celebrated in Punjab. It takes place on April 13 every year. On this day all the farmers are happy and celebrate to get ready to harvest. It has also great importance in the Sikh religion. On this sacred day, the tenth guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, founded Khalsa Panth (Sikh community).
Festivals associated with SPRING:
EASTER: Easter has great importance to Christians. They believe that after the two days of his crucifixion Jesus was resurrected on the third day. So they celebrate this festival to mark this. The date of Easter varies but it is generally in the spring season.