Introduction:

Alcohol is a depressor, and it harms the ability to drive; it slows down response time and causes to make some hazardous decisions that one wouldn’t normally take. Underage drinking can destroy a person in many different ways. People who drink frequently have a higher rate of deaths from injuries, violence, and some cancers. The formerly a person starts drinking heavily, the greater is the risk of developing serious illnesses later. Any protection that occurs with control in alcohol intake appears to be limited to adults over 60 who have risks for heart disease. Adults who drink reasonably have a lower death rate than their non-drinking fellows, their risk for premature death increases with heavier drinking.

Damages:

Alcohol probably does increase the carcinogenic effects but may not cause cancer. Drinking daily may enhance the risk for lung urinary tract, liver, brain cancers,  gastric, pancreatic, colorectal,  and leukaemia. Around  50% of cancers of the mouth and throat and 75% of cancers of the oesophagus are ascribed to alcoholism. Drinking combined with smoking increases risks for most of these cancers drastically. If women take a limit of one drink a day, this may increase their chances of breast cancer by as much as 30%.

Inside the liver, alcohol transforms to be an even more toxic substance, which can cause significant damage. When a person does not eat after consuming alcohol and consuming a variety of alcoholic beverages are also factors that increase the risk of liver damage. People with drunkenness are also at higher risk for hepatitis B and C, possibly chronic liver diseases can lead to liver cancer and cirrhosis. People with alcoholism should be vaccinated against hepatitis B; they may need a higher-than-usual dose of the vaccine for it to be efficient.

Effects of Alcohol on Teenagers:

Alcohol has overall effects on the brain. The use of alcohol will produce depression and confusion. In chronic cases, alcoholism can lead to mental disorders. Alcohol can also cause tender problems, including headaches. Except in severe cases, the harm is not permanent, and abstention nearly leads to restoration of normal mental function. Liquor may increase the risk for haemorrhage stroke, even though it may protect against stroke caused by constricted arteries. In more than half of all automobile accidents, alcohol plays a major role in it.

Liquor underage drinking also increases the threat of accidental injuries from many other causes. Drink and drive are hazardous to ourselves and others around us. Alcohol can also create hormone effects. Domestic violence is a common effect of alcohol maltreat. For women, the most severe risk factor for harm from domestic violence may be a history of alcohol misuse in her male partner. Parental alcoholism also increases the hazard of violent attitudes and abuse toward their children.

Teenage Drinking:

Each year, nearly 5,000 young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage alcohol consumption; this involves about 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle accidents, 1,600 as a result of homicides, 300 about suicide, as well as hundreds from other harm such as burns, falls, and drownings.

Drinking Alcohol can slay millions of people. It can impact your brain and make you tremble, lose all your senses, and kill off your brain cells. It also can cause your liver to degenerate and not function properly. Liver transplants are tough to come by and do not happen frequently; if your liver gets badly affected, you do not have many chances of living much longer. You could also suffocate on your puke and die. Drinking too much alcohol can kill a person soon, but millions of people drink mass amounts daily. An ordinary student drinks at least three nights a week. Most fraternities and sororities encourage drinking.

Underage drinking:

Underage drinking has been a major dubious matter for years. Teenagers continue to buy alcohol with false identification cards, getting into bars, and drinking illegally. The National Minimum Drinking Age Act, which strained all the states to change the legal drinking age to 21. In the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, it is noted that no state shall deprive any person of life, property, or liberty. If the Constitution clearly asserts that the States cannot differentiate in any way that will deny a person’s civil rights. The government is ready and willing to allow its citizens to die struggling for their country, but abruptly, a beer puts these citizens too much at threat.

Reducing Of Underage Drinking:

Reducing the legal drinking age to 18 would make alcohol less of an illegal fruit, taking away the excitement that many young people get from breaking the law, make alcohol less of a taboo for adult’s freshly entering college and the workforce, and make liquor consumption a more standardize activity done in moderation. A drinking age of 21 only forces liquor consumption behind closed doors. Always unmonitored, done in secret, and too often unreasonable, this style of drinking among minors has no doubt been accountable for the alarming rise in rates of hazardous binge drinking at colleges.

Is govt against alcohol or not?

Excise duty on liquor is one of the biggest earnings for many states, and prohibiting its sale at a time when most other economic activity has come to a near stop has additional aggravated the financial crunch they are facing. States have also told the Centre that the ban is becoming dysfunctional, as it has resulted in illegal brewing and distilling.

“The business has gone underground, with moonshiner making money,” said a senior state government official. The official said this not only raise health hazard for the public but can lead to law and order problems also. “There is no quality analysis. If people buy fake liquor, it will end up doing more harm than good,” this was said by the officials.

The officials also added that“The state government has to distract its police to check illicit extraction and bootlegging. It’s not possible at a time when all government agencies have to work in a team to contain the spread of the coronavirus”. Alcohol is physically and psychologically addictive. Regular drinking can lead to alcoholism. The government tries to stop alcohol abuse and alcoholism through laws and public consciousness.

Laws to prevent alcohol abuse and alcoholism:

Stop underage drinking

There are several laws governing alcohol consumption and alcohol. The Licensing and Catering Act sets rules about where alcohol may be put on the market and forbid the sale of alcohol to anyone under the age of 18. Local government checks compliance with the Licensing and Catering Act. 

Moreover, the Licensing and Catering Act, there are other rules and regulations on alcohol use too:

 1.The Criminal Code says that it is a criminal act when the public is being disturbed by drunk people.

  2.It is a criminal to serve alcohol to someone who is clearly drunk.

3.The Road Traffic restricts alcohol in the blood for drivers. The limit is 0.05% for drivers with a standard driving license; and 0.02% for modern drivers.

 4.The Media Act does not allow alcohol advertisements to be broadcast on radio and television between 6.00 and 21.00.

CREDITS:

-TRISHA A KATTAR (CW)

  -MAHENDER CHITTIMALLA(SEO)  

 -GOMATHI MURUGAN(GD)

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