Nowadays, unemployment is a very serious issue not only in India but in the whole world. World is currently facing this condition is contributed by different factor but major role played by booming population and lack of appropriate step taken by the government to look into the situation and to find the solution. There are hundreds and thousands of people out there who do not have work for their livelihood. Besides, the prevailing condition of unemployment are very severe in India because of growing population and demand for jobs. Moreover, if we neglect this problem then it will be going to become the reason for the downfall of the nation.
Types of Unemployment
The various types of unemployment include disguised , seasonal , open , technological and structural . Besides, some other is a cyclic , educated , under, frictional , chronic , and casual etc.
Above all, seasonal , under , and disguised are the most common unemployment that is found mainly in India.
In a country like India, there is many reason for a large section of the population for being unemployed. Some of these factors are population growth, slow economic growth, seasonal occupation, slow growth of the economic sector, and fall in cottage industry.
Moreover, these are the major reasons for unemployment in India. Also, the situation has become so drastic that highly educated people are ready to do the job of a sweepers. Besides, the government was not doing his work seriously.
Apart from all these, a large portion of the population is engaged in the agricultural sector and the sector only provides employment in harvest or plantation time in India.
In addition, the biggest reason of unemployment in India is its vast population which demands a large number of jobs every year which the government and authorities are unable to provide for their all citizen.
If things will go on like current scenario then unemployment will become a major issue. Apart from this, the following things happen in an economy which is an increase in poverty, an increase in crime rate, exploitation of labor, political instability, mental health, and loss of skill. As a result, all this will eventually lead to the downfall of the nation.
Initiative by Government
The government has taken problem very seriously and have taken measures to slowly reduce unemployment. Some of these schemes includes IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Programme), DPAP (Drought Prone Area Programme), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Employment Assurance Scheme, NRY (Nehru Rozgar Yojana), Training for self-Employment, PMIUPEP (Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program), employment exchange, Employment Guarantee Scheme, development of organized sector, small and cottage industries, and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana, and few more.
Besides, these schemes the government have also make some rules flexible, so that employment can be created in the private sector also.
To conclude, we can say that the problem of unemployment in India has reached at a critical stage. But, now the government and local authorities have taken the problem seriously and working on it to reduce unemployment as fast as possible. Also, to completely solve the issue of unemployment we have to tackle the main issue of unemployment that is the vast population of India.
SEO – Madhuri Chauhan