The Punjab Legislative Assembly, often known as the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, is India’s unicameral legislature. It currently has 117 members. People elect them directly from 117 single-seat seats. The Legislative Assembly has a five-year term unless it dissolves early. Rana K. P. Singh is the current Speaker of the Assembly. Since March 6, 1961, the Legislative Assembly has met at the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.
Punjab’s government is led by the Chief Minister of Punjab, an Indian state. The Governor of Punjab is the state’s head, according to the Indian Constitution, however, the chief minister has de facto executive control. After the Punjab Legislative Assembly elections, the governor normally invites the party (or alliance) with the most seats to form the government. The governor picks the chief minister, who is responsible to the legislature through his council of ministers. The chief minister’s term is for five years and is not subject to term restrictions because he has the confidence of the assembly.
HISTORY OF PUNJAB’S LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY :
Lahore served as the capital of Punjab during the time. A bicameral legislature comprising a legislative assembly and a legislative council. The Prime Minister leads it. The Government of India Act 1935 established it. The Unionist Party won the Punjab Provincial Assembly elections in 1937. People elected Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan as the Premier of Punjab, a position he held until his death in 1942. Sir Khizar Tiwana was Khan’s successor. In the 1946 elections, the Unionist Party came in fourth place. But with the backing of the Indian National Congress and the Shiromani Akali Dal, Sir Khizar Tiwana established the government. Tiwana later resigned on March 2, 1947, in protest of India’s partition decision.
State Union of Patiala and East Punjab (1948-1956)
The union of the Punjab province, on the Indian side of the border, with eight princely states, that India allowed to retain their native rulers after partition, founded The Patiala and East Punjab Kingdoms Combination, or PEPSU. The state was established on July 15, 1948, and became a state in 1950. Patiala, Jind, Kapurthala, Nabha, Faridkot, and Malerkotla were salute states among these princely states. Nalagarh and Kalsia were the other two states. PEPSU was once led by the Premier; however, in 1952, the Chief Minister took over as the government’s leader. Following the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, East Punjab (Punjab from 1950) absorbed PEPSU.
In 1947, the state of East Punjab was established, and in 1950, it was called Punjab. It was made up of areas of British India’s Punjab Province that were transferred to India after the country’s division. Punjab has had fifteen chief ministers since 1947. Gopi Chand Bhargava of the Indian National Congress was the first CM after India gained independence. Bhim Sen Sachar, a fellow Congressman, succeeded him. After 188 days former Chief Minister Gopi Chand Bhargava replaced him.
President Rajendra Prasad suspended the Punjab Legislative Assembly for nine months after a brief tenure to assist the state government in getting its act together. The first state elections for the Legislative Assembly occurred in 1952. Former Chief Minister Bhim Sen Sachar led The Congress government to victory.
Partap Singh Kairon succeeded him as chief minister after he resigned in 1956. Kairon was one of Punjab’s longest-standing chief ministers, serving until 1964. Gopi Chand Bhargava, the returning Chief Minister, followed him. He served as acting Chief Minister for barely 15 days. Ram Kishan became the new CM in July 1964 and served for two years.
The President’s rule, which lasted 119 days, followed his term. The state of Haryana was partitioned from Punjab on November 1, 1966. Himachal Pradesh acquired a few areas.
Who will become next Chief Minister???
During the 2014 general elections, Punjab’s political arena, which had previously only had two main contenders, the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and the Indian National Congress (—henceforth, the Congress), saw the debut of a third key participant, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP). AAP won four Lok Sabha seats in Punjab out of a total of thirteen that it ran for. It lost every seat it ran for elsewhere in the country. AAP also forfeited 414 of the 434 candidates it fielded. It assesses AAP’s prospects for the 2017 state assembly elections and seeks to explain its exceptional electoral performance in Punjab in 2014.
One feature of Punjab that sets it apart from other states is that it is the homeland of the Sikhs. Punjab is the only state in which Sikhs make up the majority of the population. They make up only 1.7 percent of India’s population, but 58 percent of Punjab’s. Punjab is home to over 77 percent of India’s entire Sikh population, compared to a minor presence in the bulk of the other states. Sikh majority status in Punjab is a very new phenomenon, occurring only after Punjab’s territorial reorganization on a linguistic basis on November 1, 1966
One important political consequence of the AAP’s emergence into Punjab politics as a major player in that the topic of Punjab politics being governed by Punjab politicians rather than Delhi-based centralized leaders has taken on new significance. All political parties, including the Congress, the BJP, the BSP, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India-Marxist, and the Communist Party of India-Marxist, and the CPI Marxist-Leninist, are downplaying the role of their central leaders and projecting greater decision-making powers to their state-based leadership.
In addition, three new political parties—the APP, Punjab Front, and LIP—have formed that are purely headquartered in Punjab and are challenging the Akali Dal to be the sole articulator of Punjab’s regional interests for the first time in Punjab’s political history. Regardless of how well AAP does in the 2017 assembly elections, this will be its most permanent and valuable contribution to Punjab politics, namely, the accentuation of regionalization.